Plan Ahead for next summer's NESBA exhibit at Fruitlands Musum- Shaker Plants


List for seeds, Shaker herbs and medicinal herbs

Miller, Amy Bess, Shaker Medicinal Herbs; A Compendium of History Lore and Uses: Published in Association with Hancock Shaker Village.


Shaker Herbs and Seeds
Fruitlands Museum
Harvard, MA



Fruitlands Museum, Harvard, MA http://www.fruitlands.org/about

Fruitlands Museum, founded in 1914 by Clara Endicott Sears, takes its name from an experimental utopian community led by Bronson Alcott and Charles Lane which took place on this site in 1843. Recently, Fruitlands became a Trustees of Reservations site.
The Fruitlands campus includes:

· The Fruitlands Farmhouse, the site of the experiment in communal living led by Alcott and Lane in 1843
· The Shaker Museum, the first Shaker museum in the country and home to the largest archive of Harvard Shaker documents in the world, housed in an historic building moved here from the Harvard Shaker community.
· The Native American Museum, which houses a significant collection of artifacts that honor the spiritual presence and cultural history of the first Americans including New England Native culture and a survey of culture in the Plains, Southwest and Northwest.
· The Art Museum, including a collection of over 100 Hudson River School landscape paintings and over 230 nineteenth century vernacular portraits, the second largest collection in the country along with a variety of rotating exhibits throughout the year.
· The Wayside Visitor Center, exhibiting information on Fruitlands’ landscape and environment and providing classroom space for education programs and classes.

About the Shakers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaker_communities
After the Shakers arrived in the United States in 1774, they established numerous communities in the late-18th century through the entire 19th century. The first villages organized in Upstate New York and the New England states. Communities of Shakers were governed by area bishoprics and within the communities individuals were grouped into "family" units and worked together to manage daily activities. The Shakers peaked in population by the early 1850s. With the turmoil of the American Civil War and subsequent Industrial Revolution, Shakerism went into severe decline.

The Shakers’ heavenly desires guided their earthly economic pursuits. In their many industries, the Shakers emphasized cleanliness, order, hard work, ingenuity and quality. The outside world soon began to recognize the superiority of Shaker fruits, vegetables, herbal medicines, brooms, cheese, candies, hand-crafted boxes, woven cloth, straw bonnets, buttons, buckles, leather, barrels, bricks, lead pipes and furniture. Although they never intended to make large profits, Shaker goods and services became an economic boon for the communes.

Seed Production: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaker_Seed_Company
The Shakers were avid gardeners who saved the best seeds to cultivate the following year. Historian D. A. Buckingham states that Joseph Turner of Watervliet is the first known Shaker to package seeds for sale, making him the first American seed salesman. The Watervliet Shakers were the first people in the United States to sell garden seeds commercially. About this same time the Shaker community at New Lebanon began selling their surplus seeds. Shakers also did this at Canterbury, New Hampshire, and Hancock, Massachusetts as well as in other locations. The Shakers introduced the innovation of placing tiny seeds in small paper envelopes bearing printed planting instructions for best results as well as storage and sometimes cooking suggestions. The Shakers were the first to use paper envelope-style packets as a strategy to sell and distribute seeds.





Herb and Medicinal Plant Industry
 http://www.motherearthliving.com/Health-and-Wellness/Shaker-Herbs
Many patients started avoiding conventional doctors, fearful of the treatment they might receive, and turned to local “root and herb” doctors who had studied with Native American healers and learned to use native medicinal plants in their practices along with traditional European herbs. Several major books about native medicinal plants were published and some became best-sellers. This was very important to the Shakers and to the growth of their medicinal herb industry. The Shakers themselves weren’t responsible for prescribing or dispensing herbs. Their business was to produce what the doctor ordered, and by the mid-1800s doctors were ordering hundreds of different herbs.

The Shakers sold tins of dried culinary herbs such as sage, summer savory, sweet marjoram, and thyme and the seeds of caraway, cayenne pepper, clary sage, coriander, dill, fennel, hyssop, lavender, lemon balm, pot marigold, rosemary, rue, sweet basil and others. They were most famous, however, not for their culinary herbs nor for their herb seeds but for their extensive line of medical herb products.

In the early years of the nineteenth century all Shaker communities collected herbs for their own use. It wasn’t until 1820 that the herb business took off, continuing through the century. Shakers sold hundreds of kinds of dried herbs, herb extracts, herb oils and herbal patent medicines, earning an income that rivaled or exceeded that of their horticultural specialty, vegetable seeds.

Shaker Plants:
http://www.eleanor-kuhns.com/2012/11/13/native-american-herbal-remedies-used-by-the-shakers/

A Peek into History: Shaker Herbs - Mother Earth Living
www.motherearthliving.com/Health-and-Wellness/Shaker-Herbs

https://theherbalacademy.com/the-shakers-and-our-first-herbades/

https://brianaltonenmph.com/6-history-of-medicine-and-pharmacy/hudson-valley-medical-history/shaker-medicine/shaker-herbs/shaker-herbs-for-the-field/
-great plant list

"If you would have a lovely garden, you should live a lovely life." —Shaker saying



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