Plan Ahead for next summer's NESBA exhibit at Fruitlands Musum- Shaker Plants


HERBS and Medicinal Plants LISTING 

Miller, Amy Bess, Shaker Medicinal Herbs; A Compendium of History Lore and Uses: Published in Association with Hancock Shaker Village.
The following is the List of plants as they appear in Miller’s Book. 

· ABCESS. Polemonium reptans. Greek Valerian, blue bells, jacob’s ladder.
· ACONITE. Aconitum napellus. Monkshood, wolfbane.
· AGRIMONY. Agrimona eupatoria. Cocklebur, stickwort.
· ALDER, BLACK. Prinos verticillatus. Striped alder, winterberry, fake alder.
· ALDER, RED or TAG. Alnus serrulata. Tag alder, smooth alderm brook alder.
· ALUM ROOT. Heuchera pubescens. Cranesbill, splitrock.
· ANGELICA. Angelica atropurpurea. Purple angelica, masterwort, high angelica, archangel.
· ANGOSTURA. Galipea officinalis.
· ANISE. Pimpinella anisum.
· APPLETREE. Pyrus malus.
· ARNICA. Arnica montana. Mountain Tobacco, Leopardsbane.
· ASH, MOUNTAIN. Pyrus americana. Roundwood.
· ASH, PRICKLY. Zanthoxylum americanum. Yellow wood, toothache bush, suter berry.
· ASH, WHITE. Fraxinum americana.
· ASPARAGUS ROOT. Asparagus officinalis.
· ASPEN, QUAKING. Populus tremuloides. European poplar.
· AVENS, WATER. Geum rivale. Chocolate root, throat root, cure-all, evan’s root.
· BACKACHE BRAKE. Athyrium filix-femina. Female Fern.
· BALM OF GILEAD. Commiphora opobalsamum. · BALM, LEMON. Melissa officinalis. Bee balm, blue balm, cure-all, dropsy plant.
· BALM, MOLDAVIAN. Dracocephalum moldavica. Sweet balm, tea balm, Dragonhead. ·     BALMONY. Chelone glabra. Snakehead, Turtlebloom, turtlehead, Salt Rheum weed, fishmouth, shell flower, bitter herb.
· BALSAM, SWEET. Gnaphalium polycephalum. white balsam, Indian Posy, Old Field Balsam.
· BARBERRY. Berberis vulgaris. Sowberry.
· BASIL, SWEET. Ocimum basilicum.
· BASSWOOD. Tilia americana. Linden, Lime Tree, Spoonwood.
· BAYBERRY. Myrica cerifera. Wax Myrtle, myrtle, wax berry, candle berry.
· BEECH. Fagus ferruginea.
· BEECHDROPS. Epifagus virginiana.
· BELLADONNA. Atropa belladonna. Deadly Nightshade, dwale.
· BELLWORT. Uvularia perfoliata. Mohawkweed.
· BENNE. Sesamum indicum. Sesame, gingili, tell.
· BETHROOT. Trillium pendulum. Birthroot, indian balm, ground lily, wake robin, true love, coughroot, pariswort.
· BETONY, WOOD. Betonica officinalis.
· BIRCH, BLACK. Betula lenta. Cherry birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, spice birch.
· BIRD PEPPER. Capsicum frutescens. Cayenne Pepper, chillies.
· BITTER HERB. Erythraea centaurium. Lesser centaury, European centaury.
· BITTERROOT. Apocynum androsaemifolium. Honeybloom, milk ipecac, dogbane, dogsbone, wandering milkweed, flytrap.
· BITTERSWEET, FALSE. Celastrus scandens. Staff Tree, staff vine,climbing orange root, waxwort.
· BITTERSWEET. Solanum dulcamara. Garden nightshade, woody nightshade, violet bloom, fever twig, scarlet berry.
· BLACKBERRY. Rubus villosus, Rubus occidentalis. Dewberry, bramble, gout berry, cloudberry.
· BLAZING STAR. Aletris farinosa. Devil’s Bit, Unicorn, Stargrass, Colic Root, Ague Root.
· BLOODROOT. Sanguinaria canadensis. Red Puccoon, Indian Paint, Tetterwort.
· BLUE FLAG. Iris versicolor. Poison flag, flag lily, water flag, fleur-de-lis, liver lily, snake lily.
· BONESET. Eupatorium perfoliatum. Thoroughwort, feverwort, throughstem, vegetable antimony, crosswort, sweating plant, Indian sage, ague weed, eupatorium.
· BORAGE. Borago officinalis. Burrage, bugloss.
· BOXBERRY. Gaultheria procumbens. Wintergreen.
· BOXWOOD. Cornus florida. Dogwood, flowering dogwood, flowering cornel, budwood.
· BROOKLIME. Veronica beccabunga. Water Pimpernel, water purslane, beccabunga.
· BROOM. Cytisus scoparius. Link, genista, banal.
· BUCHU. Barosma betulina. Bookoo, bucku, diosma belutina.
· BUCKBEAN. Menyanthes trifoliata. Bogbean, Trefoil, Marsh Trefoil, water shamrock, bitterworm, bog myrtle.
· BUCKHORN BRAKE. Osmunda regalis. Male fern, royal fern, king’s fern.
· BUCKTHORN. Rhamnus cathartica. Purging berries, redroot, new jersey tea, arrow wood, alder dogwood, bird cherry.
· BUGLE, BITTER. Lycopus europaeus. Bugleweed, gipseywort.
· BUGLE, SWEET. Lycopus americanus. Water bugle, water horehound, green archangel, Paul Betony.
· BURDOCK. Arctium lappa. Clotbur, bardana.
· BURNET, GREAT. Sanguisorba officinalis. Garden or Common Burnet.
· BUTTERCUP. Ranunculus acris. Crowfoot.
· BUTTERNUT. Juglans cinerea. White walnut, oil nut, lemon walnut.
· CANCER ROOT. Orobanche virginiana. Beech Drops, Broom Rape.
· CANELLA. Canella alba. Wild Cinnamon, White Wood.
· CANKER ROOT. Prenanthes alba. Rattlesnake Root.
· CANKER WEED. Prenanthes serpentaria.
· CARAWAY. Carum carui.
· CARDAMOM. Elattaria cardamomum.
· CARDINAL, BLUE. Lobelia syphilitica. Blue lobelia.
· CARDINAL, RED. Red Lobelia, Hog Physic, Cardinal Flower, Indian Pink.
· CARDUIS, SPOTTED. Cnicus benedictus. Blessed Thistle, Holy Thistle, Milk Thistle.
· CARPENTER’S SQUARE. Scrophularia marilandica. Heal-all, square stalk, figwort. 
· CARROT, WILD. Daucus carota. B ee’s nest seed, Queen Anne’s Lace.
· CASTOR OIL PLANT. Ricinus communis. Castor Bean.
· CATMINT. Nepeta cataria. catnip.
· CAYENNE. Capsicum annuum. Bird Pepper Chilies.
· CEDAR, RED. Juniperus virginiana.
· CELANDINE, GARDEN. Chelidonium majus. Tetterwort, Turmeric, Great Celandine.
· CELANDINE, WILD. Impatiens pallida. Jewelweed, Touch-me-not, Balsamweed.
· CENTAURY, AMERICAN. Sabatia angularis. Red Centaury, Eyebright.
· CHAMOMILE. Anthemis nobilis. Roman Chamomile, Mayweed.
· CHAMOMILE, LOW. Anthemis arvensis. Garden Chamomile, Corn Chamomile.
· CHECKERBERRY. Gaultheria procumbens. Wintergreen, Tea Berry, Box Berry.
· CHERRY, WILD. Prunus serotina. Black Cherry. Choke-cherry.
· CHESTNUT. Cerastium vulgare.
· CHICKWEED. Stellaria media. Mouse Ear.
· CHICORY. Cichorium intybus. Succory, wild succory, endive, centaury.
· CHOLIC ROOT. Dioscorea villosa. Colic Root, Rheumatism Root.
· CICELY, SWEET. Osmorhiza longistylus. Anise Root, Sweet Anise, Sweet Jarvil.
· CICUTA. Conium maculatum. Spotted Cowbane, spotted hemlock, Beaver poison, Musquash Root, Poison Hemlock, Water Hemlock, Poison parsley, poison root.
· CINCHONA. Cinchona succirubra. Peruvian bark, foso bark, red bark, crown bark.
· CINNAMON. Cinnamomum zeylanicum.
· CLARY. Salvia sclarea. Clammy sage, clarry.
· CLEAVERS. Galium aparine. Goose grass, clivers, catchweed, bedstraw, rough cleavers.
· CLOVER, RED. Trifolium pratense. Sweet clover, king’s clover, clover blows.
· CLOVER, WHITE. Melilotus alba. Sweet white clover, sweet melilot.
· CLOVER, YELLOW. Trifolium filiforme.
· CLOVES. Eugenia caryophyllata.
· COCASH. Aster puniceus. Squawweed, life root, cocash weed, red-stalked aster, cold water root, september weed.
· COHOSH, BLACK. Cimicifuga racemosa. Rattle Root, Black Snakeroot, Bugbane, rattle weed, Squawroot, baneberry.
· COHOSH, BLUE. Caulophyllum thalictrioides. Squaw Root, Pappoose Root, Blue Berry.
· COHOSH, RED. Actaea rubra.
· COHOSH, WHITE. Actaea alba. Baneberry.
· COHOSH, YELLOW. Flavus pulvus.
· COLCHICUM. Colchicum autumnale.
· COLOCYNTH. Cucumis colocynthis. Bitter Cucumber, Bitter Apple.
· COLOMBO, AMERICAN. Cocculus carolinus. Indian Lettuce, Yellow Gentian, pyramid flower, meadowpride, yellow gentian.
· COLTSFOOT. Tussilago farfara. Bullsfoot, ginger root, Coughwort.
· COMFREY. Symphytum officinale. Gum plant, healing herb, slippery root.
· COOLWORT. Mitella cordifolia. Mitrewort, Bishop’s Cap.
· CONSUMPTION BRAKE. Botrychium lunaria. Moonwort.
· COOLWORT. Mitella cordifolia. Mitrewort, bishop’s cap.
· CORIANDER. Coriandrum sativum.
· COTTON ROOT. Gossypium herbaceum.
· COW PARSNIP. Heracleum lanatum.
· COWPARSNIP, ROYAL. Imperatoria ostruthium. Masterwort, golden alexanders.
· CRAMP BARK. Viburnum opulus. High Cranberry, Squawbush.
· CRANESBILL. Geranium maculatum. Spotted Geranium, Alum Root, Storksbill, American Tormentilla.
· CRAWLEY. Corallorhiza odontorhiza. Dragon’s Claw, Coral Root, Fever Root, chicken toe.
· CUBEBS. Piper cubeba. Tail peper, java pepper.
· CUCKOLD. Biden frondosa. Swamp Beggar’s Tick, Leafy Bur Marigold, Spanish Needles, Cow Lice, leafy burr marigold.
· CULVER’S ROOT. Leptandra virginiana. Blackroot, Culver’s Physic, Tall Speedwell, Tall Veronica.
· DAFFODIL. Narcissus pseudo-narcissus. Daffy Downdillies.
· DAISY, WHITE. Leucanthemum vulgare. White Weed, Ox-Eye Daisy.
· DANDELION. Taraxacum officianle. Blow Ball, Cankerwort.
· DILL. Anethum graveolens. Dilly, Dillseed.
· DITTANY. Cunila mariana. Stone Mint, Mountain Dittany, American Dittany, Wild Basil.
· DOCK, BROADLEAF. Rumex obtusifolius.
· WATER, DOCK. Rumex aquaticus. Great Water Dock, Sour Dock, Narrow Dock.
· DOCK ROOT, YELLOW. Rumex crispus. Sour Dock, Narrow Dock, Curled Dock.
· DOG GRASS. Agropyron repens. Witch Grass, Quick Grass, Couch Grass, Scratch Grass, Triticum, Durfa Grass.
· DOGWOOD. Cornus sericea. Boxwood, Green Ozier, Flowering Cornel, rose willow.
· DRAGON ROOT. Arum triphyllum. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, wild turnip, Indian turnip, wake robin.
· ELDER. Sambucus canadensis. Sweet elder, American elder, panicle elder, sambucus.
· ELDER, DWARF. Aralia hispida. Wild Elder, bristlestem sarsaparilla.
· ELECAMPANE. Inula helenium. Scabwort.
· ELM, SLIPPERY. Ulmus fulva. Red elm, Indian elm, sweet elm, moose elm.
· ERGOT. Secale cornatum. Spurred rye, smut rye.
· EUPHORBIA. Euphorbia ipecacuanha. Spreading spurge, dysentery-weed, milk purslance, American ipecac.
· FENNEL. Foeniculum vulgare. Wild fennel, sweet fennel, large fennel.
· FERN, MAIDENHAIR. Adiantum pedatum.
· FERN, MALE. Dryopteris filix-mas. Male shield fern.
· FERN, POLYPODY. Polypodium vulgare. Rock Polypod, rock brake, brake root, female fern.
· FERN, SWEET. Comtonia peregrina. Spleenwort bush, fern gale, sweet fern, sweet bush.
· FEVERBUSH. Lindera benzoin. Wil allspice, spice bush, snap wood, fever wood, benjamin bush.
· FEVERFEW. Chrysanthemum parthenium. Featherfew.
· FEVERROOT. Triosteum perfoliatum. Wild ipecac, horse gentian, tinker’s weed, wild coffee.
· FIREWEED. Erechtites hieracifolia. Pilewort.
· FITROOT. Monotropa uniflora. Pipe plant, bird’s nest, ice plant, indian pipe, fit plant, dutchman’s pipe, ghostflower, ova ova.
· FIVE-FINGER GRASS. Potentialla canadensis. Cinquefoil.
· FLAX. Linum usitatissimum. Linseed, lint bells, toad flax, flax.
· FLEABANE. Erigeron canadense. Colt’s tail, pride weed, scabious, horse weed, butter weed.
· FLOWER DE LUCE. Iris sambucina. Fleur-de-lis, blue flag, water flag.
· FOXGLOVE. Digitalis purpurea.
· FROSTWORT. Helianthemum canadense. Rock rose, frost plant, scrofula weed.
· FUMITORY. Fumaria officinalis. Hedge fumitory, earth smoke, fumatory.
· GALANGAL. Alpinia galangal. East India catarrh root, catarrh root, kassamak root.
· GARGET. Phytolacca decandra. Pidgeon berry, poke, poke root, skoke, scoke root, coakum.
· GARLIC. Allium sativum.
· GELSEMIUM. Gelsemium sempervirens. Yellow jasmine, wild woodbine, false jasmine.
· GENTIAN, BLUE-FRINGED. Gentiana crinita.
· GINGER. Asarum canadense. Wild ginger, canada snakeroot.
· GINGER, AFRICAN. Zingiber officinale. Jamaican ginger.
· GINSENG. Panax quinquefolium. Ninsin, Chinese seng, five fingers, garantogen.
· GOLDENROD. Solidago odora. Sweet-scented goldenrod, blue mountain tea.
· GOLDENSEAL. Hydrastis puccoon, Ohio cucurma, ground raspberry, eye balm, orange root, turmeric root.
· GOLDTHREAD. Coptis trifolia. Mouth root, canker root, yellow root.
· GRAVEL PLANT. Epigaea repens. Trailing arbutus, winter pink, gravel weed, mountain pink, mayflower, ground laurel.
· HARDHACK. Spiraea tomentosa. Meadowsweet, white leaf, steeple bush.
· HARVEST LICE. Bidens connata. Cockhold herb, beggar’s tick, swamp beggar’s tick.
· HEAL-ALL. Prunella vulgaris. Self-Heal, figwort, stone root.
· HEART’S EASE. Polygonum persicaria. Ladie’s thumb, spotted knotweed.
· HELLEBORE, BLACK. Helleborus niger. Christmas rose.
· HELLEBORE, WHITE. Veratrum viride. Swamp hellebore, American hellbore, false hellebore, itchweed, indian poke.
· HEMLOCK. Abies canadensis. Hemlock spruce.
· HEMLOCK. Pinus rigida. Pitch pine.
· HENBANE, BLACK. Hyoscyamus niger.
· HOLLYHOCK. Althaea rosea.
· HOPS. Humulus lupulus.
· HROEHOUND. Marrubium vulgare.
· HORSEMINT. Monarda punctata.
· HORSERADISH. Armoracia lapathifolia.
· HYDRANGEA. Hydranga arborescens. Seven barks, wild hydrangea.
· HYSSOP. Hyssopus officanlis.
· ICELAND MOSS. Cetraria islandica. Eryngo-leaved liverwort.
· IGNATIA BEAN. Ignatius amara. Saint Ignatius’s bean.
· INDIAN CUP. Silphium perfoliatum. Indian cupweed.
· INDIAN HEMP. Apocynum cannabinum. Canadian hemp, indian physic, indian hemp.
· INDIAN HEMP, WHITE. Asclepias incarnata. Swamp milkweed, rose-colored silk weed, water nerve root.
· INDIAN PHYSIC. Gillenia trifoliata. Bowmand;s root, dropwort.
· INDIAN TURNIP. Arum triphyllum. Wake robin, wild turnip, dragon root.
· INDIGO, WILD. Baptisia tinctoria. Horsefly weed, rattlebush, indigo weed, indigo broom, yellow broom.
· IPECAC, AMERICAN. Euphorbia ipecacuanha. Indian physic, bitter root, ipecac milk, fever root, emetic root, blooming spurge.
· IRIS. Iris florentina. Orris root.
· IRONWEED. Vernonia fasciculata.
· IVY, GROUND. Nepeta glechoma. Gill run, Cats paw, alehof, gill-over-the-ground, field balm, turnhoof, ground joy.
· JACOB’S LADDER. Polemonium coeruleum.
· JALAP. Ipomoea jalapa. Bindweed.
· JOB’S TEARS. Onosmodium virginianum. Gromell, false gromwell.
· JOHNSWORT. Hypericum perfoliatum. Saint Johnswort.
· JUNIPER. Juniperus communis. Juniper bush.
· KING’S CLOVER. Melitlotus officinalis. Melilote, sweet clover.
· KNOT GRASS. Triticum repens. Dog grass, couch grass, quickens, witch grass.
· LABRADOR TEA. Ledum latifolium.
· LADY’S SLIPPER. Cypripedium flavum.
· LADY’S SLIPPER, YELLOW. Cypripedium pubescens.
· LARKSPUR. Delphinium consolida. Stave’s acre.
· LAUREL, SHEEP. Kalmia angustifolia. Laurel, lambkill.
· LAVENDAR, ENGLISH. Lavandula vera.
· LEATHERWOOD. Dirca palustris. Moosewood, American mezereon.
· LETTUCE, GARDEN. Lactuca sativa.
· LETTUCE, WILD. Lactuca virosa. Poison lettuce, acrid lettuce.
· LIFE, EVERLASTING. Gnaphalium polycephalum. White balsam, indian posey, field balsma, sweet balsam.
· LIFE ROOT. Senecio aureus. Ragwort, golden senecio, uncum, squaw weed, female regulator, cocash weed, false valerian.
· LILY, WHITE WATER. Nymphaea odorata. Toad lily, pond lily, sweet-scented water lily.
· LILY, YELLOW WATER. Nuphar advena. Spatterdock, frog lily, beaver root.
· LIQUORICE. Glycyrrhiza glabra. Licorice.
· LIVERWORT. Hepatica americana. Noble liverleaf, kidney liver leaf, liver leaf.
· LOBELIA. Lobelia inflata. Wild tobacco, indian tobacco, emetic root, puke weed, eye-bright, asthma weed.
· LOGWOOD. Haematoxylon campechianum. Peachwood, bloodwood.
· LOVAGE. Levisticum officinale. Smellage, lavose.
· LUNGWORT. Pulmonaria virginica. Virginia cowslip, maple lungwort.
· MALLOW, LOW. Malva rotundifolia. Cheeses, cheese plant, maller.
· MALLOW, MARSH. Althaea officinalis.
· MANDRAKE. Podophyllum peltatum. Mayapple, wild lemon, raccoon berry, wild mandrake.
· MAN ROOT. Convolvulus panduratus. Wild jalap, man-in-the-ground, man-in-the-earth, wild potato, bindweed, wild scammony.
· MAPLE, RED. Acer rubrum. Soft maple, whistle wood.
· MAPLE, STRIPED. Acer pennsylvanica. Canada maple, moosewood.
· MARIGOLD. Calendula officinalis. Pot marigold, marygold.
· MARJORAM, SWEET. Origanum marjorana.
· MARSH ROSEMARY. Statice caroliniana. Sea lavender, ink root, meadow root, American thrift, sea thrift.
· MASTERWORT. Imperatoria ostruthium. Cow parsnip, royal cow parsnip.
· MATICO. Piper angustifolium. Soldier’s herb.
· MAYWEED. Anthemis cotula. Wild chamomile, dog fennel.
· MEADOW SAFFRON. Colchicum autumnale. Colchicum.
· MEZEREON. Daphne mezereum. Spurge olive, American mezereon, leatherwood.
· MILKWEED. Asclepias syriaca. Silkweed.
· MILKWORT. Polygala vulgaris. European seneca.
· MONARDA. Monarda punctata. Horsemint.
· MOSS, HAIRCAP. Polytrichum juniperum. Robin’s eye, ground moss, bear’s bud.
· MOTHERWORT. Leonurus cardiaca. Roman motherwort, lion’s tail, throwwort.
· MOUNTAIN DITTANY. Cunila origanoides. Wild basil, stone mint, American dittany.
· MOUNTAIN MINT. Pycnanthemum montanum. Basil, wild marjoram.
· MOUSE EAR. Gnaphalium uliginosum. Dysentery weed, cud weed, everlasting.
· MUGWORT. Artemisia vulgaris.
· MULBERRY. Morus rubra. Red mulberry.
· MULLEIN. Verbascum thapsus.
· MUSTARD, BLACK. Brassica nigra.
· MUSTARD, WHITE. Brassica alba.
· NANNY BUSH. Viburnum lentago. Sheep berry, sweet viburnum, nanny berry.
· NETTLE. Urtica dioica, Stinging nettle.
· NIGHTSHADE, BLACK. Solanum nurgum. Black cherry, garden nightshade.
· NUX VOMICA. Strychnos nux-vomica. Poison nut, ratsbane.
· OAK BARK, BLACK. Quercus tinctoria.
· OAK BARK, RED. Quercus rubra,
· OAK BARK, WHITE. Quercus alba.
· OAK OF JERUSALEM. Chenopodium botyris. Worm seed, Jesuit tea, Jerusalem tea, Jerusalem oak.
· OAK OF JERUSALEM. Chenopodium anthelminthicum. Worm seed, Jesuit tea, Jerusalem tea, Jerusalem oak.
· ORANGE. Citrus aurantium.
· OSIER, GREEN. Cornus circinata. Broa-leaved dogwood, dogachamus, alder-leaved dogwood, round-leaved cornel.
· OSWEGO TEA. Monarda didyma. Mountain balm, highy balm, bee balm, bergamot, monarda.
· PAPOOSE ROOT. Caulophyllum thalictrioides. Blue Cohosh, blueberry root, squaw root.
· PEREIRA BRAVA. Chondrodendron tomentosum. Velvet leaf, ice vine, cissampelos.
· PARILLA, YELLOW. Menispermum canadense. Canadian moonseed, vine maple.
· PARSLEY. Petroselenium sativum. Rock parsley.
· PEACH. Amygdalis persica.
· PENNYROYAL. Hedeoma pulegioides. Tickweed, squaw mint.
· PEONY. Paeonia officinalis.
· PEPPERMINT. Mentha piperita.
· PILEWORT. Amaranthus hypochondriacus. Prince’s feather, lovely bleeding, red cockscomb.
· PINE, WHITE. Pinus strobus. Spanish pine.
· PINK ROOT. Spidelia marylandica. Canadian maryland pink, wormgrass, starbloom.
· PIPSISSEWA. Chimaphila umbellata. Prince’s pine, noble pine, ground holly, rheumatic weed, false wintergreen.
· PITCHER PLANT. Sarracenia purpurea. Huntsman’s cup, eve’s cup, fly trap.
· PLANTAIN. Plantago major. Common plantain, greater plantain, bitter plantain.
· PLANTAIN, DOWNY RATTLESNAKE. Goodyera pubescens. Adder’s violet, rattlesnake leaf, spotted plantain, rattlesnake root.
· PLEURISY ROOT. Asclepius tuberosa. Butterfly weed, wind root, tuber root.
· POISON IVY. Rhus toxicodendron. Poison vine.
· POKE. Phytolacca decandra. Garget, pigeon berry, scoke, coakum, inkberry, scokeroot.
· POMEGRANATE. Punica granatum.
· POPLAR. Populus tremuloides. White poplar, aspen, American poplar, trembling poplar.
· POPPY. Papaver somniferum. Opium poppy, white poppy.
· PRIVET. Ligustrum vulgare. Privy, prim.
· PTELEA. Ptelea trifoliata. Wingseed, wafer ash, shrubby trefoil.
· PUMPKIN. Cucurbita pepo.
· QUASSIA. Picraena excelsa. Bitter wood, bitter ash.
· QUEEN OF THE MEADOW. Eupatorium purpureum. Joepye, trumpet weed, gravel root, purple bonseset.
· QUEEN’S ROOT. Stillingia sylvatica. Queen’s delight, yaw root, silver leaf, cock-up hat.
· RASPBERRY. Rubus strigosus. Red raspberry.
· RED ROOT. Ceanothus americanus. New jersey tea, jersey tea, wild snowball.
· RHATANY. Krameria triandria.
· RHUBARB. Rheum palmatum.
· RICHWEED. Collinsonia canadensis. Stoneroot, hardrock, horseweed, wild citronella, oxbalm.
· ROCKBRAKE. Pellea atropurpurea. Winter fern, cliff brake, Indian dream.
· ROMAN WORMWOOD. Artemisia pontica. Ragweed, hogweed.
· ROSE. Rosa centifolia. Hundred-leaved rose, cabbage rose.
· ROSE, DAMASK. Rosa damascena. Pale rose.
· ROSE, RED. Rosa gallica officinalis.
· ROSE, WHITE. Rosa alba
· ROSEMARY. Rosmarinus officinalis.
· ROSIN-WEED. Silphium laciniatum. Compass plant, polar plant.
· RUE. Ruta graveolens.
· SAFFRON. Crocus sativus.
· SAGE. Salvia officinalis.
· SAGE WILLOW Salix tristis. Rainbow weed, purple willow herb, loose strife.
· SANICLE, BLACK. Sanicula marilandica. Pool root, American sanicle, self-heal.
· SARSAPARILLA, AMERICAN WILD. Aralia nudicaulis. Wild Licorice, small spikenard, dwarf elder, bristly stem.
· SASSAFRAS. Sassafras officinale.
· SAVIN. Juniperus sabina.
· SAVORY, SUMMER. Satureia hortensis. Bean herb, Bohnenkraut.
· SAVORY, WINTER. Satureia montana.
· SCABBISH. Oenothera biennis. Tree primrose, wild evening primrose.
· SCABIOUS. Scabiosa succisa. Sweet scabious, devil’s bit, primrose scabious.
· SCROFULA. Scrophularia marilandica. Heal-all, square stalk, Carpenter’s square, figwort.
· SCULLCAP. Scutellaria lateriflora. Maddog, hoodwort, blue scullcap, virginia scullcap.
· SCURVY GRASS. Cochlearia officinalis.
· SELF-HEAL. Prunella vulgaris. Blue curls, woundwort, all-heal, brownwort, heal-all.
· SENNA, AMERICAN. Cassia marilandica. Locust plant.
· SHEPHERD’S PURSE. Capsella bursa-pastoris. Shepherd’s heart.
· SHIELD FERN. Aspidium spinulosum.
· SILVER WEED. Potentialla anserina. Sinver cinquefoil, cramp weed, goose tansy, moor grass.
· SKUNK CABBAGE. Symplocarpus foetidus. Meadow cabbage, skunk weed, polecat week.
· SNAKEHEAD. Chelone glabra. Balmony, bitter herb, shell flower, white turtlehead, turtlebloom.
· SNAKEROOT, BLACK. Cimicifuga racemosa. Black cohosh, snakeroot.
· SNAKEROOT, BUTTON. Liatris spicata. Gayfeather, devil’s bit, blazing star.
· SNAKEROOT, CANADA. Asarum canadense. Indian ginger, Vermont snake root, heart snakeroot.
· SNAKEROOT, SENECA.
· SNAKEROOT, VIRGINIA. Aristolochia serpentaria. Snakeroot, Snake weed, Snagrel.
· SOAPWORT. Saponaria officinalis. Bouncing bet, old maid’s pink, London pride.
· SOLOMON’S SEAL, GIANT. Polygonum multiflorum.
· SOLOMON’S SEAL, SMALL. Smilacina racemosa. Seal root, dropberry, false spikenard
· SORREL, LADY’S. Oxalis acetosella. Wood sorrel, common sorrel.
· SORREL, SHEEP. Rumex acetosella. Red top sorrel, field sorrel.
· SOUTHERNWOOD. Artemisia abrotanum. Old man’s tree, boy’s love.
· SPEARMINT. Mentha viridis.
· SPEEDWELL, COMMON. Veronica officinalis. Paul betony.
· SPICEBUSH. .Linder benzoin. Fever bush, feverwood.
· SPIKENARD. Aralia racemosa. Life-of-man, petty morrel, spignet.
· SPLEENWORT, COMMON. Asplenium angustifolium.
· SPURRED RYE. Secale cereale. Smut rye, ergot.
· SQUAW VINE. Mitchella repens. Partridge berry, winter clover, deer berry, one berry, checkerberry.
· SQUAW-WEED. Senecio aureus. Life root, golden ragwort, female regulator, blue cohosh, cocash weed.
· SQUILL. Urginea scilla. Scilla, sea onion.
· STARFLOWER. Aster novae-angliae. Starwort, New England Aster.
· STAR ROOT. Aletris farinosa. Star gras, ague root, colic root.
· STEEPLEBUSH. Spiraea tomentosa. Meadowsweet, hardhack.
· STILLINGIA. Stillingia sylvatica. Queen’s root, queen’s delight, silver leaf.
· STONE BRAKE. Eupatorium purpureum. Queen of the meadow, gravel root.
· STONE ROOT. Collinsonia canadensis. Horseweed, rish weed, ox balm, wound wort.
· STRAWBERRY. Frageria virginiana.
· SUMACH. Rhus glabra. Upland sumac, smooth sumac, Pennsylvania sumac.
· SUNFLOWER, GARDEN. Helianthus annuus.
· SUNFLOWER, WILD. Helianthus divaricatus.
· SWEET CLOVER. Melilotus officinalis. King’s clover, melilot, yellow sweet clover.
· SWEET FLAG. Acorus calamus. Calamus, sweet rush.
· SWEET GALE. Myrical gale. Meadowfern, bog myrtle, gale fern, sweet willow.
· SWEET GUM. Liquidambar styraciflua. Red gum, star-leaved gum.
· TAMARACK. Larix americana. Hackmatack, American larch.
· TANSY. Tanacetum vulgare. Double tansy, sweet tansy.
· THIMBLE WEED. Rudbeckia laciniata. Cone-disk, coneflower.
· THISTLE ROOT. Cirsium arvense. Canada root, Canada thistle, cursed thistle.
· THORN-APPLE. Datura stramonium. Apple of Peru, Jamestown weed, jimsonweed, stink weed, stramonium.
· THYME. Thymus serpyllum. American wild thyme, ,other of thyme, creeping thyme.
· THYME, ENGLISH. Thymus vulgaris. Common or garden thyme.
· TILIA FLOWERS. Tilia americana. Lime tree, linden.
· TOMATO. Lycopersicum esculetum.
· TONQUA. Dipteryx odorata. Tonka bean.
· TRILLIUM, PURPLE. Trillium purpureum. Beth flower, bethrooffersonia diphylla. Ground squirrel pea, rheumatism root, helmet pod.
· TURKEY CORN. Dicentra canadensis. Corydalis, turkey pea, stagger weed, squirrel corn.
· TURMERIC. Cucurma longa.
· TWINLEAF. Jeffersonia
· UNICORN ROOT, FALSE. Chamaelirium luteum. Drooping starwort, starwort, star root, helonias.
· UVA-URSI. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Bearberry, upland cranberry, mountain cranberry, mountain box, arbutus uva ursi.
· VALERIAN, AMERICAN. Cypripedium pubescens. Nerve root, yellow moccasin flower, yellow ladies’ slipper.
· VALERIAN, ENGLISH. Valeriana officinalis. Great wild valerian, vandal root.
· VALERIAN, GREEK. Polemonium reptans.
· VERVAIN. Verbena hastata. Wild hyssop, simpler’s joy, erect vervain, blue vervain.
· VIOLET. Viola pedata. Bird’s foot violet.
· VIOLET, CANKER. Viola rostrata.
· VIRGIN’S BOWER. Clematis virginiana. Traveller’s joy, clematis.
· WA-A-HOO. Euonymus atropurpureus. Euonymus, Indian arrowwood, burning bush, spindle tree.
· WALNUT. Juglans cinerea. Hickory, shagbarks, white walnut, butternut bark, oil nut.
· WATERCUP. Sarracenia purpurea. Side-saddle flower, pitcher plant, flytrap, huntsman’s cup, small pox plant.
· WATER HOARHOUND. Lycopus europaeus. Water bugle, gipsy wort.
· WATERMELON. Cucurbita vulgaris.
· WATER PEPPER. Polygonum hydropiper. Smartweed, Arsmart, heartweed.
· WHITE ROOT. Erigeron philadelphicus. White weed, ox-eye daisy, white daisy.
· WHITEWOOD. Liriodendron tulipifera. Tulip tree, cucumber tree, tulip poplar.
· WHORTLEBERRY. Vaccinium myrtillus, bilberry, blue berry, burren myrtle.
· WICKUP. Epilobium angustifolium. Mare’s tail, rose bay, willow-herb.
· WILD TURNIP. Arum triphyllum. Wake robin, jack-in-the-pulpit, dragon root.
· WILD YAM. Dioscorea villosa. Colic root.
· WILLOW, PUSSY. Salix discolor.
· WILLOW, ROSE. Cornus sericea. Red-rod, swamp dogwood.
· WILLOW, WHITE. Salix alba.
· WINTERGREEN. Gaultheria procumbens. Tea berry plant, checkerberry, pipsissewa, spicy wintergreen, boxberry.
· WITCHHAZEL. Hahamaelis virginiana. Winterbloom, snapping hazel, snapping hazel nut, spotted alder.
· WORMSEED. Artemisia ambrosioides. Oak Jerusalem seed, goosefoot.
· WORMWOOD, COMMON. Artemisia absinthium.
· YARROW. Achillea millefolium. Millefoil, noble yarrow, lady’s mantle.
· YELLOW JESSAMINE. Gelsemium sempervirens.
 WILD WOODBINE woodbine.

The book also gives uses for these plants: I have 2 copies and can give you the uses of particular plants.


Vegetable Seeds 







Heads Up: Summer 2019 NESBA

Shaker Herbs and Seeds
Fruitlands Museum
Harvard, MA


Fruitlands Museum, Harvard, MA http://www.fruitlands.org/about

Fruitlands Museum, founded in 1914 by Clara Endicott Sears, takes its name from an experimental utopian community led by Bronson Alcott and Charles Lane which took place on this site in 1843. Recently, Fruitlands became a Trustees of Reservations site.
The Fruitlands campus includes:

· The Fruitlands Farmhouse, the site of the experiment in communal living led by Alcott and Lane in 1843
· The Shaker Museum, the first Shaker museum in the country and home to the largest archive of Harvard Shaker documents in the world, housed in an historic building moved here from the Harvard Shaker community.
· The Native American Museum, which houses a significant collection of artifacts that honor the spiritual presence and cultural history of the first Americans including New England Native culture and a survey of culture in the Plains, Southwest and Northwest.
· The Art Museum, including a collection of over 100 Hudson River School landscape paintings and over 230 nineteenth century vernacular portraits, the second largest collection in the country along with a variety of rotating exhibits throughout the year.
· The Wayside Visitor Center, exhibiting information on Fruitlands’ landscape and environment and providing classroom space for education programs and classes.

About the Shakers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaker_communities
After the Shakers arrived in the United States in 1774, they established numerous communities in the late-18th century through the entire 19th century. The first villages organized in Upstate New York and the New England states. Communities of Shakers were governed by area bishoprics and within the communities individuals were grouped into "family" units and worked together to manage daily activities. The Shakers peaked in population by the early 1850s. With the turmoil of the American Civil War and subsequent Industrial Revolution, Shakerism went into severe decline.

The Shakers’ heavenly desires guided their earthly economic pursuits. In their many industries, the Shakers emphasized cleanliness, order, hard work, ingenuity and quality. The outside world soon began to recognize the superiority of Shaker fruits, vegetables, herbal medicines, brooms, cheese, candies, hand-crafted boxes, woven cloth, straw bonnets, buttons, buckles, leather, barrels, bricks, lead pipes and furniture. Although they never intended to make large profits, Shaker goods and services became an economic boon for the communes.

Seed Production: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaker_Seed_Company
The Shakers were avid gardeners who saved the best seeds to cultivate the following year. Historian D. A. Buckingham states that Joseph Turner of Watervliet is the first known Shaker to package seeds for sale, making him the first American seed salesman. The Watervliet Shakers were the first people in the United States to sell garden seeds commercially. About this same time the Shaker community at New Lebanon began selling their surplus seeds. Shakers also did this at Canterbury, New Hampshire, and Hancock, Massachusetts as well as in other locations. The Shakers introduced the innovation of placing tiny seeds in small paper envelopes bearing printed planting instructions for best results as well as storage and sometimes cooking suggestions. The Shakers were the first to use paper envelope-style packets as a strategy to sell and distribute seeds.





Herb and Medicinal Plant Industry
http://www.motherearthliving.com/Health-and-Wellness/Shaker-Herbs
Many patients started avoiding conventional doctors, fearful of the treatment they might receive, and turned to local “root and herb” doctors who had studied with Native American healers and learned to use native medicinal plants in their practices along with traditional European herbs. Several major books about native medicinal plants were published and some became best-sellers. This was very important to the Shakers and to the growth of their medicinal herb industry. The Shakers themselves weren’t responsible for prescribing or dispensing herbs. Their business was to produce what the doctor ordered, and by the mid-1800s doctors were ordering hundreds of different herbs.

The Shakers sold tins of dried culinary herbs such as sage, summer savory, sweet marjoram, and thyme and the seeds of caraway, cayenne pepper, clary sage, coriander, dill, fennel, hyssop, lavender, lemon balm, pot marigold, rosemary, rue, sweet basil and others. They were most famous, however, not for their culinary herbs nor for their herb seeds but for their extensive line of medical herb products.

In the early years of the nineteenth century all Shaker communities collected herbs for their own use. It wasn’t until 1820 that the herb business took off, continuing through the century. Shakers sold hundreds of kinds of dried herbs, herb extracts, herb oils and herbal patent medicines, earning an income that rivaled or exceeded that of their horticultural specialty, vegetable seeds.

Shaker Plants:
http://www.eleanor-kuhns.com/2012/11/13/native-american-herbal-remedies-used-by-the-shakers/

A Peek into History: Shaker Herbs - Mother Earth Living
www.motherearthliving.com/Health-and-Wellness/Shaker-Herbs

https://theherbalacademy.com/the-shakers-and-our-first-herbades/

https://brianaltonenmph.com/6-history-of-medicine-and-pharmacy/hudson-valley-medical-history/shaker-medicine/shaker-herbs/shaker-herbs-for-the-field/
-great plant list

"If you would have a lovely garden, you should live a lovely life." —Shaker saying

Glorianna Davenport, owner of Tidmarsh Farms speaks to NESBA members

Glorianna Davenport Co Founder of the MIT Media Lab and owner of Tidmarsh Farms gave a talk on restoration of the working cranberry farm into the largest freshwater ecological project in the northeast.



Tidmarsh is a 600-acre property near Plymouth, Massachusetts. After over a century as a large operational cranberry farm, Tidmarsh is now being restored to natural wetland. Researchers in the Media Lab's group Responsive Elements Lab are developing sensor networks that document ecological processes and allow people to experience the data at different spatial and temporal scales. Small, distributed, low-power sensor devices capture climate, soil, water, and other environmental data, while others stream audio from high in the trees and underwater. Visit any time from dawn till dusk and again after midnight; if you're lucky you might just catch an April storm, a flock of birds, or an army of frogs.


Members were enthusiastic about the program:

"In these times when the environment is under constant assault, it is heartening to hear about an amazing effort to help our planet, using sound science and impressive partnerships."
Kathy Cade

"Glorianna's informative talk on the restoration of an area of old cranberry bog to hopefully healthy waterways and it's environment is an ambitious project! It is fascinating on so many levels, and it will be interesting to see if some of the information from the project can be useful to other local bog owners as they face the future of cranberry growing in Massachusetts."
Lucy Sur

To me the most interesting part was the whole idea of restoring the area into a natural habitat, instead of developing the land into a mall or housing. We need to protect nature." 
Jitka Persinov



After the program members met at Tidmarsh Farm for a day of sketching and painting.



Artist Linda Karlsberg talks to NESBA members about her work



Members attending give their thoughts on her presentation:

"Linda Karlsberg's presentation on Saturday was terrific. Her method of investigating the effects of light on well-defined subjects, as she illustrated with her extensive series of beautiful water lily and lotus paintings, was clearly presented and inspiring. "
Pamela Harrington


"Linda's blossom and leaf images were set within the larger context of three dimensions of the water on which the leaves are floating."
Deborah Cassady


"The backgrounds (habitats) used in Linda's compositions contributed significantly to making her water lily blossoms shine and pop."
Celeste Hurley


"All of Linda's work was beauriful, but I was particularly impressed with and inspired by her use of the total canvas, to frame a river/pond scene with plant closeups. Something that has been done but infrequently in our more traditional botanical art. Think Esther Klahne's pond painting, and Kathy Miranda's work. "
Rita Edmunds

Two NESBA members show at the Arnold Arboretum, Boston, MA

Impressions of Woody Plants:
Disjunction, Two Artists, and the Arnold Arboretum

Copper Etchings by Bobbi Angell and Watercolor Paintings by Beverly Duncan
May 11 – July 22, 2018
Opening Reception, Saturday, May 19, 1:00-3:00pm

Workshop with the Artists, Saturday, June 9, 1:00-3:00pm
Location: Hunnewell Building


The word disjunction, defined as the relationship between two distinct alternatives, can be applied to botanical artists Bobbi Angell and Beverly Duncan: their media--copper and watercolor, their plant focuses--exotic and native, their backgrounds--botany and art. In the end though, as in this Arnold Arboretum exhibition, it is all about the wonder of woody plants, and the artists' approaches to creating images. Angell is attracted to unusual, cultivated specimens due to her long history working with botanists and horticulturalists. Her subjects, all Asian natives, several of which were introduced into cultivation by the Arboretum, represent the remarkable history of plant collecting around the world. All can be found in the collections of the Arboretum. Her drawings are developed into finely crafted copper etchings, which are then printed in limited editions. Duncan is drawn to the familiarity of native plants. She translates the common and recognizable into intimate portraits in detailed watercolor paintings.Her sketches capture the various stages in the life of a native plant. For this exhibition, Duncan focused on paintings of seedlings, the delicate early life of a tree or shrub. All her subjects can also be found as mature trees on the grounds of the Arnold Arboretum. Bobbi Angell has been drawing plants since 1978, illustrating floras, monographs, and new species for botanists at The New York Botanical Garden, Harvard University, and Smithsonian Institution. Drawing herbarium specimens has been the focus of her work. Angell's copper plate etchings reflect her interest in fine detail. They have allowed her a satisfying and natural extension of her compositional style. Beverly Duncan is an award-winning botanical artist, the first to receive Best in Show at the annual exhibition of the Horticultural Society in New York and the American Society of Botanical Artists. Her work is in corporate and private collections around the world. Duncan exhibited and received recognition at the 2014 royal Horticultural Exhibit in London. She teaches Botanical Drawing and Painting classes, and has illustrated commissions for numerous books and magazines.

Note - The Hunnewell lecture hall is used for programs, classes, and other events. Please call 617 384-5209 for accessibility.

Free, no registration required

The New England Society of Botanical Artists Exhibit at the Boston Flower and Garden Show

Savor Spring

200 Seaport Blvd
Boston, MA

March 14 -18




The annual participation in this show is a highlight event in the NESBA calendar.  The exhibit is open to all members and is always well received by the public.